Happy New Year!

Dear readers / viewers / listeners of Songs for the Camera Obscura,

Having just entered 2016, I would like to wish you a happy and thick new year, if I may say so: thick as a millefeuille or as an archaeologist’s dream site, rich in discoveries, retrieved memories, unexpected or perhaps long-awaited interactions. To each his own, of course, but since you’re already reading this, I can only hope that Songs for the Camera Obscura may add even the tiniest contribution to the fulfilment of these wishes for you. Things have been moving pretty slowly on the surface of our site in the last months, but lots of musical puzzles and explorations have been duly prepared for this new year. Keep close and grab a glass from our revellers!

A tableau vivant of Austro-Hungarian military pastimes, probably officers of a mounted unit (e.g. dragoons, artillery, train).1 Albumen print on cardboard, 180 x 240 mm, Zureich Károly (Miskolcz), late 1870s – early 1880s. Theodor E. Ulieriu-Rostás collection, entry number afc.2015.09.


Notes

1. My thanks go to Bruno Dotto for his feedback on the identification of the uniforms.

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Playing the mandolin under your balcony

As we were warning you in our preamble, Songs for the Camera Obscura will programmatically indulge in (potentially) hazardous jumps from one musical galaxy to another. So, after exploring the international career of a mid-19th century operatic soprano last month, we’ll make today a short incursion in the realm of interwar Romanian popular music.

Theodor E. Ulieriu-Rostás collection, entry number afh.2014.05.

Gelatin silver print, 60 x 85 mm, unidentified Romanian photographer, ca. 1930-40. Theodor E. Ulieriu-Rostás collection, entry number afh.2014.05.

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A portrait of Kathinka Evers-Lampugnani (1866)

The first proper piece on Songs for the camera obscura will immerse us in the cosmopolitan world of 19th century German and Italian opera houses, taking a rare portrait of the Danish-German soprano Kathinka Evers-Lampugnani (1822-1899) as our photographic companion. Since her biography seems to be rather under-researched at this moment, I have indulged myself in compiling a short biographical sketch, before passing to the interesting specifics of this photo.1

Kathinka Evers-Lampugnani. Albumen print on cardboard, carte de visite, Carlo Gusberti (Milano), 1866: detail. Theodor E. Ulieriu-Rostás collection, entry no. cdv.2015.07.

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Praeambulum

Recording the visible world, recording sounds: the 19th century passed down to us two inventions which changed forever the way we live the present, relate to the past and understand the very concepts of reality and self-identity. Inventions almost as old as modernity itself, wholly interiorized and integrated in our daily lives – but who would deny their ever active revolutionary potential in the age of selfies, reality shows and do-it-all gadgets?

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The country choir. Albumen print on paper, stereo card, F.G. Weller (Littleton, New Hampshire), 1872. Washington, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LOT 3523. Animation by Thiophene_Guy.

When it comes to music, the territories charted by photography and sound recording did not coincide for a significant part of their history, as much as they seem complementary nowadays. First of all, photography had been around for 20 years by the time Scott de Martinville was experimenting with graphic recordings of his singing, and another 28 years would pass until the Edison-Gouraud Crystal Palace recordings of Handel’s Israel in Egypt (1888), the earliest surviving recording of a musical performance in the full sense of the word. Secondly, huge musical landscapes and venerable traditions remained beyond the sight of record companies and enlightened dilettanti until at least the 1920s. On the other hand, we shouldn’t forget that, by the turn of the century, photography was increasingly becoming accessible to the technically-illiterate amateur, thus opening the door to the previously hidden world of personal mementoes, candid snapshots and home-made authenticity – a space one couldn’t just reenact in a photographic studio. Although technically possible with Edison’s phonograph (but not with its competitors), there was no “You press the button, we do the rest” musical phenomenon of a social magnitude comparable to that of vernacular photography. Home music-making, a defining phenomenon of pre-modern and early modern culture, was left aside and eventually etiolated by the talking machine and its successors – but it was also captured in images.

phonograph vs. violin (W. Wiggers collection)

Phonograph or violin music on Christmas day? Gelatin silver print on paper, amateur stereo card, unidentified photographer, probably German, ca. 1910. Collection W. Wiggers.

In a nutshell, this is what this blog is about: photographic vestiges of musical culture and performance. From the opera house to the rural tavern and da capo; some of them easier to corroborate with historical information and available aural experience, others reduced to little more than nostalgia triggers. “Heard melodies are sweet, but those unheard / Are sweeter”? Those are definitely not the words of a music archaeologist, but we’ll keep the door to the consolations of imagination open on this blog…